نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Transition in John Rawls’s political theory contains some positions which he choose after his first work, “A Theory of Justice”. This transition came from unsatisfactory and internal incompatibility that Rawls started to modify them. The changes applied by him completed in “Political Liberalism”. The understanding of this transition would be possible by referring to the problem of stability. According to Rawls, stability was essential for social cooperation and constituting of well-ordered society. Rawls at the beginning believed that stability will come true intrinsically by its elements, sense of justice and congruence argument. But gradually after relinquishing the moral viewpoints and accepting the fact of reasonable pluralism and importance of political values, he concluded that the sole acceptance of principles of justice by citizens does not lead to the stability and well-ordered society. Instead, rawls with a different reading of stability and replacing overlapping consensus rather than congruence argument recognized comprehensive and plural doctorines of citizens. So, citizens could just in well-ordered society by a framework of real autonomy.
- پینکارد، تری (1394). فلسفۀ آلمانی، ترجمۀ ندا قطرویی، تهران: ققنوس.
11. Ackerman, Bruce. (1994). “Political Liberalism”, The Journal of Philosophy 91, 364-86.
12. Barry, Brian. (1995). “John Rawls and the Search for Stability.” Ethics, vol. 105 (July): 874-915.
13. Dent, Nicholas. (2005). Rousseau, London: Routledge.
14.- Dreben, Burton. (2003). “On Rawls on Political Liberalism.” In The Cambridge
15. Dworkin, Ronald. (1975). “The Original Position”, in Reading Rawls, ed. N. Daniels, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
16. Freeman, Samuel. (2007). Rawls, London: Routledge.
17. _______________.ed (2003). Cambridge Companion to Rawls, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
18. Gaus, Gerald. (2014). “ The Turn to Political Liberalism” in The Blackwell Companion to Rawls, ed. D. Reidy and J. Mandle, New York: Willey- Blackwell.
19. Gutmann, amy. (1985). “Communitarian Critique of Liberalism”, Philosophy and Public Affairs 14, 308-22.
20. Krasnoff, Larry. (1998). “Consensus, Stability, and Normativity in Rawls’s Political Turn.” The Journal of Philosophy, vol. 95 (June): 269-92.
21. Larmore, Charles. (1990). “ Political Liberalism”, Political Theory 18, 339-60.
22. Mandle, Jon. (2009).Rawls’s A Theory of Justice: An Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
23. Mcclennan, Ernan. (1989). ” Justice and the Problem of Stability”, Philosophy and Public Affairs 18, 3- 32.
24. Roberts, Peri. (2007). Political constructivism, London: Routledge.
25. Sandel, Micheal. (1982). Liberalism and Limits of Justice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
26. Schaefer,D. L(2007).Liberal justice : John Rawls vs. the American political tradition. Missouri: University of Missouri Press.
27. Weithman, Paul. (2013). Why Political Liberalism: On John Rawls’s Political Turn, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
28. Wolin, Sheldon. (1996). “Review of John Rawls: Political Liberalism”, Political Liberalism 24, 97-129.