عنوان مقاله [English]
Although the roots of modern racism date back to the nineteenth century to the theory of Joseph Arthur de Gobineau, in many advanced industrial societies today the concept does not constitute the superiority of one ethnic group over another, but evokes the concept of control. In other words, the main reason for the racist actions of the majority is the fear of the minority gaining power. Meanwhile, the United States has a long history of racism. The main racist structures in the United States include slavery, racial segregation, separate schools for Indians, and large camps for the detention of foreign asylum seekers. This article seeks to answer the following questions: What has been the most important challenges for blacks in the United States, especially since Donald Trump's presidency? And what have been the main consequences of racism? By using Gurr's theory of relative deprivation and method of historical sociology, the authors show evidences of political, economic, civil, and security deprivations of blacks in the United States. The consequences of this issue include deepening the national divide, changes in the power distribution, deep divisions among the Republicans, the growth of radical black movements, the increasing independence of some states, and intensification of insecurity.