عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Modernity has been interpreted from different angles. Scholars such as Derida and Lyotard talk about the end of modernity and the beginning of a new era called post-modernism, though thinkers like Habermas do not believe in that.Habermas who do not believe in the end of modernity and the beginning of post-modernism, finds modernism as the only way to human liberty who has chosen a wrong path and asserts that its superficial face should be reconstructed. In the search to find a solution for this situation, Habermas proposes two matters: “dialog in the public domain” and “Dialogic democracy theory”. His theory has attracted criticisms which are of considerable importance in political thinking domain. Lyotard criticized Habermas’s “dialogic democracy theory”, particularly the concept of oriented integration in this theory.